Members’ new publications
This page advertises members’ new publications (published within the last 2 years). They will remain posted on the website for 12 months.
1) The publication must be in a reputable journal or book.
2) Only books and special issues will be included (not single articles).
3) At least one author must be a member in good standing at the time of the request.
⇨ Procedure: Members should send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org with the complete reference for their book or special issue, including a link to the publisher/journal and ideally a photo of the cover and a short abstract. If possible, please ask the publisher to provide a discount for members.
Members’ recent publications:
Through its direct and indirect impacts on labour productivity, population health and wellbeing matter for the social and economic development of households and national economies. Yet, health is not uniform in space. And so is development. Comparatively on many health and development indicators, Africa fairs poorly. The variation in health may present as differences in the occurrence and spread of diseases, the distribution of and access to healthcare facilities, and/or in health outcomes among the population. Reasons for these variations range from biology to the population’s levels of exposure and susceptibility to elements in their environment, including the social interactions taking place within the environment. The field of health and medical geography focuses on the spatial patterns and processes underlying these variations and provides pathways for understanding and addressing them. More specifically, the sub-discipline of health and medical geography focuses on, among others, how places (their characteristics and processes that go on in them) and environmental factors underlie and/or influence disease patterns, exposure and susceptibility to diseases, health variations, health behaviour, health outcomes, and the provision of and access to healthcare services. This edited volume documents perspectives and applications in health and medical geography in Africa for academics, students, health practitioners, and development policymakers. Case studies discussed by 55 experts and practitioners in the 500-page book include those from Benin, Cameroon, Gabon, Ghana, Lesotho, Malawi, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, the EAC and SADC blocs, and the whole of Africa.
Read the introductory chapter via ResearchGate.
Population Dynamics in the Mediterranean. A Demographic Convergence? Springer, 2023
This open access book makes a comparative overview of the demographic evolution of the Mediterranean populations. It addresses all the demographic issues since 1950 such as fertility, mortality, growth, demographic aging, and the age structure of the population. The book discusses the major demographic changes and its consequences for the Mediterranean region and describes the socio-economic and societal opportunities such as the silver economy, improvement in health of the population, and progress in education. By providing insights into the past demographic evolutions and analyzing the most recent indicators, this book constitutes an essential reference work for those who wish to better understand the major transformations that Mediterranean societies are undergoing.
Softcover ISBN: 978-3-031-37758-7 eBook ISBN: 978-3-031-37759-4
India Population Report, Cambridge University Press, 2023
India has become the largest populated country in the world in 2023 which has resulted in an increasing attention on India's population and its changing age structure, demo-graphic transitions, and their long-term implications. India Population Report is developed based on landmark surveys and research on population, health, ageing, fertility, nutrition, migration and women and children undertaken by the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), India. This volume studies various aspects of population and health issues in India providing a holistic narrative of the current scenario and future implications. By utilizing latest data and scientific evidence, chapters in this volume explain the achievements so far and examine the challenges ahead in respective fields, while identifying thrust areas for further research and action. Contributions to the volume come from leading and renowned research and data experts in the field, bringing together a cohesive, multifaceted work of immediate relevance.
Trump's Legacy in Migration Policy and Postpandemic Challenges for Biden, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 2022
Read summary in Spanish and purchase book on UNAM website (in Mexican peso)
Migración, diásporas y desarrollo sostenible: perspectivas desde las Américas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 2023
La odisea de las generaciones en México : de las historias de vida a los territorios, El Colegio de México, 2023
Mobilité et transports dans l'aire métropolitaine de Port-au-Prince. Volume 1: Regards croisés sur Canapé -Vert et Parc Industriel, 2023
Ce présent ouvrage paru sur la mobilité et les transports dans l’AMP, est le premier volume d’une série, qui s’appuie sur les données collectées dans le cadre d’un projet de thèse de doctorat. Il donne une vision des transports dans l’AMP et présente une projection de la demande de transport pour 2016, 2026 et 2030. Il permet d’exposer les nouvelles pratiques de mobilité des résidents de sept communes de cette agglomération. Ces aspects présentés dans le cadre de cette étude peuvent être considérés comme un pré - modèle de transport pouvant servir, après amélioration, comme un modèle de transport pour Haïti. De manière générale, cette recherche, basée sur une enquête menée en 2015, révélait l’origine et la destination de plus d’un millier d’individus se trouvant dans les ménages des zones de Canapé-Vert et du Parc Industriel. Les résultats de l’opération de terrain menée à partir de ces deux zones (Zones d’enquêtes), ont été extrapolés à l’AMP (Zone d’étude), ont permis d’avoir certaines informations importantes sur la mobilité dans l’AMP.
The book is available for purchase on Amazon.
Introduction to Migration Studies, Anglo-Egyptian Bookshop, Cairo, 2023
Introduction to Migration Studies is the first textbook in Arabic to introduce migration studies as a stand-alone social science discipline. The book includes nine chapters that can be regarded as an introductory academic course on migration (Migration 101 or 401 course). In addition to the first and the last chapters, each chapter provides thorough materials on a given topic. Topics introduced and discussed in the book include migration concepts and terminology, migration stock and flows, migration theories, migration policies, migration data collection methods, migration and demography, measuring migration, and migration and development.
The book is available for purchase on the Anglo-Egyptian Bookshop website.
This book addresses the challenge of understanding human life. It compares our life experience with the attempts to grasp it by astrologers, eugenicists, psychologists, neuroscientists, social scientists, and philosophers. The main opposition among these specialties lies between understanding and misunderstanding. The book also addresses the central methodological difficulty of capturing a human life. It is first examined how certain approaches may lead to a misunderstanding of human life. The book contrasts the example of astrology—an accepted practice in ancient civilizations, but now classified among the pseudosciences—with astronomy, a full-fledged science since Galileo’s time. Another, more recent approach regards human life as predetermined by genes: the methods used by eugenicists, and later by political regimes under the name of hereditarianism, came to compete with genetics. A broader analysis shows how astrology and eugenicism are not truly scientific approaches. Next, the book looks at the ways of capturing an imaginary or real human life story. A comprehensive approach will try to fully understand their complexity, while a more explanatory approach considers only certain specific phenomena of human life. For example, demography studies only births, deaths, and migration. Another crucial factor in the collection of life histories is memory and its transmission. Psychology and psychoanalysis have developed different schools to try to explain them. The book concludes with a detailed discussion of the concepts and tools that have been proposed in more recent times for understanding the various aspects of life stories: mechanisms, systems, hermeneutics, and autonomy.
Order a copy from Springer.
The Journal of Population and Sustainability, vol. 7, no. 1, January 2023, White Horse Press.
The Journal of Population and Sustainability (JP&S) is an open access interdisciplinary journal published exploring all aspects of the relationship between human numbers and environmental issues. This issue's editorial introduction, by David Samways, is entitled "A Planet of 8 Billion and the Future of Humanity".
Population and the Political Imagination: Census, Register and Citizenship in India, Routledge India, 2022
This book identifies population as a central issue of polity and examines its links to ideas of state and citizenship. It explores the relationship between the state, citizenship and polity by reexamining processes related to census enumeration, population and citizen registers, and the politics of classificatory governmentality. Religion, ethnicity, caste and political class play a key role in determining community identities and the relationship between an individual and the state. Contextualizing the arguments and controversies around the Citizenship (Amendment) Act 2019 (CAA 2019) and the National Register of Citizens (NRC), the book examines the processes of inclusion or exclusion of minorities and migrants as citizens in India. It focusses on the classification of irregular and refugee migration since independence in India, especially in the state of Assam. The book highlights how political imagination, as a theoretical framework, shapes the processes and strategies for enumeration and classification and thereby the idea of citizenship. Underlining the relationship between instruments of government, political mobilization and the resurgence of communal polarization, it also offers suggestions for alternative constructions of citizenship and an inclusive state. This book will be useful for students and researchers of population studies, population geography, migration studies, sociology, political science, social anthropology, law and journalism. It will also be of interest to policy makers, journalists, as well as NGOs and CSOs.
ISBN: 9781003097785 (eBook)
Researching Internal Migration, Routledge India, 2022
Researching Internal Migration is a comprehensive guide for researchers and professionals to study internal migration in developing and underdeveloped economies. This book explains key theoretical concepts related to migration; guides students and researchers on how to design surveys and the utility of census data; unravels the complexities of large data sets and their interpretation; includes techniques for indirect measurement; presents methodology for estimating remittances at the sub-national and national levels; acquaints the impact of migration during emergency situations or pandemics like COVID-19; offers perspectives and tools for evaluating the policy impact of migration. Accessibly written, this book will be an essential theoretical and empirical guide for researchers in development studies, public policy, population studies, human geography and migration and diaspora studies.
ISBN: 9781003329572 (eBook)
Fertility Transition in the Developing World, Springer, 2022
This open access book provides an overview and analysis of the causes and consequences of the massive and highly consequential transition in reproductive behaviour that occurred in Asia, Latin America, and Africa since the mid-20th century. In the 1950s contraceptive use was rare and women typically spend most of their reproductive years bearing and rearing children. By 2020 fertility and contraceptive use in Asia and Latin America reached levels commonly observed in the developed world. Africa’s fertility is still high, but transitions have started in all countries. This monograph is the first to provide a comprehensive analysis of these trends and their determinants, covering changes in reproductive behaviour (e.g., use of contraception and abortion), preferences (e.g., desire to limit and space births) and the role of socioeconomic development (e.g., education). The role of government policies and in particular family planning programs is discussed in depth. Particular attention is given to provide a balanced assessment of several political and scientific controversies that have beset the field. As such this book provides an interesting read for a wide audience of undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, and public health policy makers.
ISBN: 978-3-031-11839-5 ISBN (eBook): 978-3-031-11840-1
Populations, peuplement et territoires en France, Armand Colin, 2022
Populations, peuplement et territoires : ces trois termes sont très liés entre eux. C’est donc en questionnant leurs interactions en France que ces notions de populations, peuplement et territoires sont appréhendées dans cet ouvrage. Trois grilles de lecture différentes de ces interactions sont proposées. Dans la première partie, l’accent est mis sur les populations, leurs caractéristiques et leurs évolutions en considérant différentes échelles de territoires. La deuxième partie est centrée sur le peuplement et propose une analyse de la distribution spatiale dans les territoires français. Enfin, la troisième partie détaille les façons dont les territoires déterminent ou accompagnent les évolutions des populations et les dynamiques de peuplement. Les chapitres, rédigés dans un souci didactique, s’appuient sur les données les plus récentes, et sont enrichis par des cartes, encadrés, figures et tableaux et, enfin, par une bibliographie. Cet ouvrage est complété par un chapitre annexe détaillant les recommandations des jurys pour les épreuves écrites et orales, par un lexique et un riche index géographique (plus de 500 références). L’ensemble de cet ouvrage dresse aussi un panorama complet de la géographie et des dynamiques des populations des territoires de la France métropolitaine et des outre-mer, saisis dans leur diversité, à diverses échelles. Et il propose des analyses prospectives qui permettent de mieux comprendre le présent en interrogeant le futur.
Le système éducatif en Afrique francophone. Défis et opportunités. Observatoire de la Francophonie Economique, Université de Montréal, 2022
With the valued collaboration of Pierre Loty, Centre d’Etudes et de Recherche sur les Analyses et Politiques Economiques au Cameroun - CERAPE (Cameroon)
L’éducation et la formation professionnelle (EFP) constituent un élément important qui permet d’acquérir des compétences et expériences pertinentes au développement de l’individu et de la société. Ainsi, l’EFP est fondamentale pour améliorer la productivité des individus (Becker, 1964) et assurer à long terme la croissance économique (Lucas, 1988). Toutefois, dans les pays en développement en général et en Afrique francophone en particulier, d’énormes efforts restent à consentir pour faire de l’EFP un droit fondamental pour tous au sens de l’objectif du développement durable (ODD) N°4. Ce défi reste entier et d’actualité surtout dans ce nouvel ordre mondial où la COVID-19 a révélé surtout les vulnérabilités de l’EFP mais également les opportunités sur les approches d’EFP du futur. L’objectif de cet ouvrage est de faire un état des lieux de la situation de l’éducation et de la formation des enfants, des jeunes et des femmes, ainsi que des politiques éducatives et de développement des compétences en Afrique francophone en vue de formuler des recommandations de politiques pertinentes aux décideurs des secteurs publics et privés, aux organisations non gouvernementales, etc. Plusieurs thématiques sont analysées selon des disciplines et des contextes variés avec la contribution de nombreux auteurs et autrices de différents pays.
Research Handbook on International Migration and Digital Technology, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2021
This forward-looking Research Handbook showcases cutting-edge research on the relationship between international migration and digital technology. It sheds new light on the interlinkages between digitalisation and migration patterns and processes globally, capturing the latest research technologies and data sources. Featuring international migration in all facets from the migration of tech sector specialists through to refugee displacement, leading contributors offer strategic insights into the future of migration and mobility. Covering diverse geographies and using interdisciplinary approaches, contributions provide new analysis of migration futures. A discrete chapter on digital technology and COVID-19 global pandemic offers reflections on how migration and mobility are being profoundly reshaped by the global pandemic. The practical applications and limitations of digital technology in relation to international migration are also highlighted and supported with key case studies. Analytical yet accessible, this Research Handbook will be an invaluable resource for students and scholars in the fields of migration and digital technology, while also being of benefit to policy makers and civil society actors specialising in migration.
ISBN: 978 1 83910 060
International Handbook of Population Policies, Springer, 2022
This Handbook offers an array of internationally recognized experts’ essays that provide a current and comprehensive examination of all dimensions of international population policies. The book examines the theoretical foundations, the historical and empirical evidence for policy formation, the policy levers and modelling, as well as the new policy challenges. The section Theoretical Foundations reviews population issues today, population theories, the population policies’ framework as well as the linkages between population, development, health, food systems, and the environment. The next section Empirical Evidence discusses international approaches to design and implement population policies on a regional level. The section Policy Levers and Modelling reviews the tools and the policy levers that are available to design, implement, monitor, and measure the impact of population policies. Finally, the section New Policy Challenges examines the recurrent and emerging issues in population policies. This section also discusses prospects for demographic sustainability as well as future considerations for population policies. As such this Handbook provides an important and structured examination of contemporary population policies, their evolution, and their prospects.
Biodemography: An Introduction to Concepts and Methods, Princeton University Press in 2020
Professor James Carey at the University of California, Davis, and his co-author Professor Deborah Roach at the University of Virginia, have released the book Biodemography: An Introduction to Concepts and Methods (2020, Princeton University Press) with a Foreword by James Vaupel. Carey has developed over 170 scripted, closed-captioned videos of complementary lectures to the book, available on this Berkeley Population Sciences webpage (https://populationsciences.berkeley.edu/ceda/biodemography-book/ ). The 11-chapter book covers all of the major areas of demography from Lexis diagrams, life tables, and mortality models to stable population theory, age-stage models and applied demography (in both humans and non-human species). The chapter on human demography not only contains fresh perspectives on much of the standard topics such as development stages, reproduction, lifespan, mortality and health demography, but also includes concepts on the evolution of the family not found in other demography texts. The section on family demography uses Charles Darwin’s 12-member family to illustrate the basic family model. The Carey-Roach book is the first true synthesis of biological and classic demography and, this video series is the first time an author of a demography book has recorded video mini-lectures on the contents of their entire book.
The Oxford Handbook on Atrocity Crimes consolidates and further develops the evolving field of atrocity studies by combining major mono-, inter-, and multidisciplinary research on atrocity crimes in one volume encompassing contributions of leading scholars. Atrocity crimes—war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide—are manifestations of large-scale and systematic criminality committed within specific political, ideological, and societal contexts. These crimes are typically committed by multiple actors against a large number of victims who suffer far-reaching consequences. Scholars studying mass atrocities are scattered not only across disciplines—such as international (criminal) law, international relations, criminology, political science, psychology, sociology, history, anthropology, and demography—but also across the topic-related fields, which are by definition multi- and interdisciplinary but are typically limited to a particular category or aspect of atrocity crimes. This Handbook brings together these strands of scholarship and interrogates atrocity crimes as an overarching category of criminality, while simultaneously recognizing and theorizing differences among the individual constitutive categories. The Handbook covers topics related to the etiology and causes of atrocities, the actors involved, the victims of atrocity crimes and related harms, the reactions to atrocity crimes, and in-depth case studies of understudied situations of war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide.
Diffusion des taxis-motos dans l’aire métropolitaine de Port-au-Prince : paradoxe et controverse, Editions Henri Deschamps, 2022
Vers les années quatre-vingt-dix-sept, un nouveau moyen de transport, les taxis-motos, fait son arrivée dans le transport public en Haïti. Dans l’Aire métropolitaine de Port-au-Prince et ses communes avoisinantes, son apparition marque le début d’une véritable concurrence avec les autres moyens de transports traditionnels (tap-tap ou camionnette, taxis, bus, mini-bus,camion) en raison de l'explosion démographique, l’urbanisation anarchique et la crise générale de paupérisation de la population. Cet ouvrage est une contribution à la réflexion sur la mobilité dans les PED, et un appel à la régulation de l’activité des 2-3 RM dont on doit conserver les effets positifs tout en atténuant les impacts négatifs. Il est écrit dans le but de valoriser certaines données dans le cadre d’un projet de thèse de doctorat. Ce livre accorde une large place aux résultats de nos deux premières enquêtes de terrain réalisées en 2015 et 2016 puis se divise en deux parties. Il a contribué à la création de cartes illustrant les plans de transport des communes composant l’AMP et la localisation des points de stationnements des taxis-motos.
The Journal of Population and Sustainability, Vol 6, No 1, 2022, White Horse Press.
The Journal of Population and Sustainability (JP&S) is an open access interdisciplinary journal published exploring all aspects of the relationship between human numbers and environmental issues. The journal publishes both peer reviewed and invited material. It is intended that the JP&S act as an interdisciplinary hub facilitating collaboration and furthering the development of the field. While generously supported by environmental charity Population Matters, the JP&S is entirely editorially independent and welcomes contributions from scholars with a variety of perspectives on the role of population in environmental problems.
Au cours de son existence, tout individu est confronté à un certain nombre d’événements qu’il peut percevoir comme menaçants. Ces derniers, mineurs ou majeurs (deuil, séparation, divorce, naissance d’un enfant, changement d’emploi, promotion), induisent des perturbations émotionnelles sur le sujet qui essaie d’y faire face. La résilience d’un individu est sa capacité à résister à des chocs qui pourraient impacter son équilibre psychique ou l’organisation sociale dans son ensemble. Inédite, la crise sanitaire du Covid-19 est l’occasion de faire certaines observations in vivo pour les chercheurs. En effet, l’actuelle pandémie de coronavirus constitue une réalité particulière et inhabituelle. Les mesures mises en place pour faire obstacle à la propagation du virus telles que les recommandations de confinement, la distanciation sociale, les modifications des conditions de travail, le port du masque, bouleversent les codes sociaux. Elles affectent tant au niveau personnel que collectif, au niveau physique que psychologique. Comment de nombreux individus vivent-ils ces situations de stress et/ou d’anxiété ? C’est la problématique que nous développons dans cet ouvrage.
ISBN : 978-2-343-24247-7
Order a copy from L'Harmattan.
La crise sanitaire du Covid-19 vient bouleverser le monde en provoquant un impact économique sans précédent depuis la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Afin d’atténuer la propagation de cette pandémie, plusieurs gouvernements se sont trouvés obligés d’appliquer des mesures strictes telles que le confinement et la distanciation sociale. Ces mesures ne sont pas sans conséquences sur l’économie et la psychologie de la population. Au début de la pandémie, l’implication de l’Etat Marocain était globalement satisfaisante. Cette intervention a permis d’éviter le pire aux niveaux sanitaire, économique et social. Depuis le 20 mars 2020, le Maroc a annoncé en urgence le début du confinement, une interdiction des rassemblements, une fermeture des frontières et l’encouragement du télétravail. Ces mesures avaient comme but de limiter la propagation du virus.
ISBN : 978-2-343-24248-4
Order a copy from L'Harmattan.
Migrants, Mobility and Citizenship in India, Routledge India, 2021
This book reconceptualises migration studies in India and brings back the idea of citizenship to the center of the contested relationship between the state and internal migrants in the country. It interrogates the multiple vulnerabilities of disenfranchised internal migrants as evidenced in the mass exodus of migrants during the COVID-19 crisis. Challenging dominant economic and demographic theories of mobility and relying on a wide range of innovative heterodox methodologies, this volume points to the possibility of reimagining migrants as ‘citizens’. The volume discusses various facets of internal migration such as the roles of gender, ethnicity, caste, electoral participation of the internal migrants, livelihood diversification, struggle for settlement, and politics of displacement, and highlights the case of temporary, seasonal, and circulatory migrants as the most exploited and invisible group among migrants. Presenting secondary and recent field data from across regions, including from the northeast, the book explores the processes under which people migrate and suggests ways for ameliorating the conditions of migrants through sustained civic and political action. This book will be essential for scholars and researchers of migration studies, politics, governance, development studies, public policy, sociology, and gender studies as well as policymakers, government bodies, civil society, and interested general readers.
ISBN 9781032203294 (Hardcover) ISBN 9780367765477 (eBook)
Order a copy from Routledge.
Special Issue on New Demographic Directions in Forced Migrant and Refugee Research, Journal on Migration and Human Security (JMHS), Volume 9 Issue 3, September 2021
This special collection aims to advance forced migrant and refugee research. It considers refugee resettlement and integration in the United States within the broader framework of the literature on migrant integration and reflects on the role that population research can play in promoting successful and healthy refugee resettlement in the United States. Articles in this special collection also explore the ethical challenges of forced migration research, humanitarian work with children and adolescents, the resilience of forced migrant communities, the value of computer modeling for human migration and health, demographic methods for estimating and forecasting migration, and research priorities for US refugees and refugee communities.
The Routledge Handbook of African Demography, Routledge, 2022
This handbook provides an authoritative and comprehensive overview of African population dynamics, variations, causes and consequences, demonstrating the real-world applications of research in policies and programmes. African demography has come of age. Over 50 years, the discipline has grown exponentially in the number of training and research institutions, specialist experts and academic output, all with an aim of addressing the enormous demographic challenges faced by the continent. The book draws on old and emerging analytical tools to explore the relationships between population dynamics and social, economic, cultural and political environments from African perspectives. Key topics include fertility, sexual behaviours, healthcare, ageing, mortality, migration, displacement, the causes and consequences of demographic changes, and teaching and research developments in African demography. The Routledge Handbook of African Demography will be an essential resource for students and researchers of African demography, sociology, development, and cultural studies.
Immigration in the Global Era: Migrants and the People and Laws at Origin and Destination, Frontiers in Sociology, 2021
The world of migration is a vast and diverse landscape. The 17 articles in this collection cover every step in the migration process, from origin to destination and beyond, as migrants in a variety of streams – temporary and permanent; labor, family, and refugee; of diverse countries, backgrounds, and aspirations – find help and hindrance, welcome and opposition from a wide swath of nonmigrants and immigration officials. Scholarly topics include self-selection and government-selection, into legal status and residential location; determinants of prejudice; integration and naturalization; children and subsequent descendants of migrants; impacts of law and contexts of reception. The articles traverse theory and empirics, micro and macro matters, qualitative and quantitative approaches, cross-sectional and longitudinal perspectives, single-country and multi-country settings.
This special issue is open access. All 17 articles plus the introductory Editorial can be downloaded as pdfs.
La première édition cet ouvrage date de 1988 et s’était faite dans un contexte où les méthodes d’analyse et de mesure de la mobilité spatiale connaissaient un important regain d’intérêt, notamment de la part des gouvernements, lié à l’importance des changements dans la répartition spatiale des populations, et notamment de leur incidence sur les structures économiques et sociales. Une réimpression enrichie d’une nouvelle présentation s’imposait plus de 35 ans après, tant cet outil s’avère indispensable aujourd’hui, pour tout chercheur qui travaille sur les mobilités spatiales et les migrations. Concepts, présentation et analyse des sources, qu’elles soient directes (registres, recensements…) ou indirectes (estimations, autres statistiques…), définitions synthétiques des indices et des taux et démonstrations pratiques de leur utilisation, méthodes de calcul et estimations des flux, composent ce manuel pratique et offrent un panorama méthodologique particulièrement complet. Les phénomènes migratoires ont aujourd’hui une ampleur et une complexité inédites. Pour mieux les comprendre et les analyser, l’apport de méthodes quantitatives ayant fait leur preuves s’avère d’autant plus nécessaire.
ISBN 9782733220092 (book) ; ISBN 9782733260449 (ePub) ; ISBN 9782733260456 (pdf)
Order a copy from INED.
Production of a Vital Statistics Report: Guide (Revision 1), Vital Strategies, UNECA, UNESCAP, and Statistics Norway, 2020.
15 contibutors, including:
The Guide provides important background information for using the Template, which contains notes and table shells to complete a vital statistics report. Finally, the accompanying Workbook can assist in the calculation of measures and indicators and in the production of tables and figures for the report. In countries with low registration of vital events, producing a vital statistics report can help encourage increased investment for strengthening the existing civil registration system.
Demography and Economic Emergence of Sub-Saharan Africa, Académie royale de Belgique, 2020.
About 35 years later than in the other less developed countries, high mortality and fertility levels have started to decline in the 48 countries of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The late completion of the demographic transition in the region, its slow pace, and its population growth rates over 2.5% per year for more than 50 years, render the SSA demographic trajectories very different from the transitions experienced elsewhere in the world.
ISBN 978-2-8031-0753-7 (hard copy)
ISBN 978-2-8031-0754-4 / 978-2-8031-0755-1 (e-book)
(The book is also published in French)
“Impact of alcohol on mortality in Eastern Europe: Trends and policy responses” in Drug & Alcohol Review, Special Section, Volume 39 Issue 7, November 2020.
Within the global context, Eastern Europe has been repeatedly identified as the area with the highest levels of alcohol ‐ related health harms. Although the Berlin Wall fell in 1989, and the Soviet Union collapsed soon afterwards, alcohol ‐ related mortality in Eastern Europe remains far higher than in Western Europe. However, despite the high burden of alcohol harm and mortality in Eastern Europe, with the partial exception of Russia, relatively little is known about the country ‐ specific impact of alcohol on health and mortality and the various policy responses to it. In response to this, an international symposium was held in Vilnius, Lithuania in June 2017 entitled Persisting burden of alcohol in Central and Eastern Europe: recent evidence and measurement issues. This special section of Drug and Alcohol Review is based on a selection of the papers presented at this symposium, providing for the first time a broad overview of the problem of alcohol ‐ related mortality in a diverse range of Eastern European countries linked to a description and analysis of alcohol control initiatives that have been developed. While there is strong evidence of the influence of history, culture and education across European countries having a profound and persistent effect on differences in drinking patterns and preferences, there is, nevertheless, evidence that effective policy responses have been mounted in a range of countries. (Read more )
Migration and Urban Transition in India
Published July 15, 2020 by Routledge India
R. B. Bhagat, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai
Archana K. Roy, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai
Harihar Sahoo, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai
Migration has emerged as an important issue in contemporary global politics and in the discourse around human development. This book highlights the role of migration in socioeconomic development and its interdependence with urbanization, employment, labour and industry.
This volume identifies the challenges which migration and the subsequent dynamism in population and spatial parameters pose to land-use patterns, ecology, social politics and international relations. Through a study of migration patterns and trends in different parts of India, this collection analyzes the relationship of migration with social and occupational mobility, poverty and wealth indices, inequality, distribution of resources and demographic change. It also explores policy measures and frameworks which can bring migration into the fold of national development strategies.
Timely and comprehensive, the book underscores the importance of migration and urbanization, sustainability and inclusivity to economic growth and development. It will be an essential read for scholars and researchers of migration studies, political studies, sociology, urban studies, development studies and political sociology.
ISBN 9780367722425 (Hardcover) ISBN 9780429298356 (eBook)
This book discusses international migration in the newly independent states after the collapse of the Soviet Union, which involved millions of people. Written by authors from 15 countries, it summarizes the population movement over the post-Soviet territories, both within the newly independent states and in other countries over the past 25 years. It focuses on the volume of migration flows, the number and socio-demographic characteristics of migrants, migration factors and the situation of migrants in receiving countries. The authors, who include demographers, economists, geographers, anthropologists, sociologists and political scientists, used various methods and sources of information, such as censuses, administrative statistics, the results of mass sample surveys and in-depth interviews. This heterogeneity highlights the multifaceted nature of the topic of migration movements.
ISBN 978-3-030-36074-0 (hardcover) ISBN 978-3-030-36075-7 (eBook)
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This book provides a demographic profile of the Syrian diaspora into Europe and identifies the issue of forced migration as a separate and increasingly salient topic within the more general field of migration research. It describes the progressive increase in numbers of Syrian refugees in different European countries during recent years and gives a demographic profile of the Syrian refugee population. The book also compares and synthesizes the demographic profiles presented, to show how the population of Syrian refugees differs from country to county in terms of age structure, sex ratio, family status, educational attainment and other social and economic characteristics. By providing a solid empirical portrait based on national and international statistics, this book will be a great resource to students, academics in migration and refugee studies as well as social scientists and policy-makers in European countries.
ISBN 978-3-030-24450-7 (Hardcover) ISBN 978-3-030-24451-4 (eBook)
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Populations are constantly changing and evolving, and each successive edition of this book has aimed to keep up with demographic trends and the explanations for them. Thus, every chapter of this current edition has been revised for recency, relevancy, reliability, and readability. At the same time, the teaching and learning environment has changed substantially over the years, and in this edition, I have responded to calls from users of the book to reorganize material and reduce the number of chapters so that everything of vital importance can be readily covered in even a relatively short academic term. This edition has only 10 chapters, rather than the 12 chapters in the previous edition, but all of the really good stuff is still in here.
ISBN10: 0-357-36057-5 ISBN13: 978-0-357-36057-6
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Population, Fertility and Family Planning: Contraceptive Method Mix in Asian Countries, Rawat Publications, 2019
Asia is having more than 61 per cent of world population and is a major contributor of world population growth. However, there exists a wide range of variation in the size of population and levels of fertility. The continent has both countries with the lowest and highest fertility. The family planning programmes are of extreme importance in the population planning of Asian countries. Is choice of contraceptive an individual couple’s decision? What is the role of government in shaping the availability of contraceptives in a particular country? How method mix changes with spatio-temporal context of a country? Population, Fertility, and Family Planning is an attempt to address several such issues. The book, based on secondary data on Asian countries, has divided the discussion for low, medium and high fertility countries. It tries to throw light in the trajectory of family planning of 38 Asian countries through the lens of contraceptive method mix. Broadly, the study aims at looking into the history of family planning for each of the selected countries and determining how the government or the state intervenes to shape the contraceptive method mix in its region. The choice of contraceptive use by a couple is a complex phenomenon that depends on a variety of factors. The study further explores how government policies manipulate immediate factors and indirectly guide a couple’s choice of contraceptive. The book will interest researchers, demographers, policy makers, sociologists and various governmental and non-governmental agencies involved in population control.
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Biodemography: An Introduction to Concepts and Methods, Princeton University Press, 2020.
Biodemography is a new field anchored in formal demography that unites the natural science of biology with the social science of human demography. This book is an essential resource for demographers and gerontologists as well as for ecologists and population biologists. The authors note that whereas classical demography is framed largely around the life history of humans with a small number of overlapping singleton births, long developmental periods, biparental care, and extended longevity, the life histories of the vast majority of non-human species depart from the human demographic model. This creates challenges for “off-the-shelf” applications of conventional demographic models (e.g., life tables; stable theory) to population analyses of non-human species. However it also presents a wealth of opportunities for developing new demographic concepts such as methods for estimating population age structure when the ages of individuals are unknown or for the development of a hierarchical demography with models designed to consider two or more levels of individualism (e.g., social insects with individuals at one level and the colony as a superorganism at another). The authors use a plethora of real-world examples that draw from data sets on humans and on nonhuman species and offer an interdisciplinary approach to demography like no other, with topics ranging from the parity progression tables for fruit flies and elephant population culling to the demographic analysis of Charles Darwin’s 10-child family and the comparative risks of first class passengers and crew members on the Titanic. The book includes chapters on the biodemographic basics such as rates, Lexis diagrams and cohort concepts, as well as on life tables, mortality, reproduction, population theory and applications. It includes a unique stand-alone chapter on human demography with content often omitted in conventional texts such as kinship, lifespan and the evolution of the family. It contains nearly 90 informative “biodemographic shorts,” appendices on data visualization and management, and nearly 200 illustrations of models and equations. It is the first true synthesis of demography and biology.
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Family Demography and Post-2015 Development Agenda in Africa, Springer, 2020.
This book is a comprehensive analysis of the structure, determinants and consequences of changes in sub-Saharan African families, thereby representing an Afrocentric description of the emerging trends. It documents various themes in the sub-disciplines of family demography. The first section of the book focuses on philosophical understanding of African family, its theoretical perspectives, and comparative analysis of family in the 20th and 21st centuries. The second section covers family formation, union dissolution, emerging trend in single parenthood, and adolescents in the family. The following section describes types, determinants and consequences of African family changes: health, childbearing, youth development, teen pregnancy and family violence and the last chapter provides systematic evidence on existing laws and policies governing African family structure and dynamics. As such it illustrates the importance of family demography in African demographic discourse and will be an interesting read to scholars and students in the field of demography, social workers, policy makers, departments of Social Development in countries in Africa and relevant international agencies and all those interested in understanding the African family trajectory.
ISBN: 978-3-030-14886-7 (hardcover) ISBN: 978-3-030-14887-4 (eBook)
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Dividende démographique et développement durable. Fondements théoriques et modèles normatifs (2 volumes), Harmattan Sénégal, 2019
Préface d'Andrew Mason et Ronald Lee - Postface de Mabingue Ngom. Cet ouvrage consacre l'élargissement des connaissances sur l'interaction entre la population et l'économie dans le monde et particulièrement en Afrique. De manière plus précise, il met en exergue le rôle potentiel de l'optimisation du dividende démographique dans l'amélioration des perspectives de développement des pays en voie de développement. L'objectif principal est de proposer un modèle normatif ainsi que des outils et méthodes appropriées à l'élaboration de politiques multisectorielles efficaces visant à améliorer le bien-être des populations.
ISBN : 978-2-343-17642-0 (Vol 1) and 978-2-343-17643-7 (Vol 2)
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Dividende démographique et développement durable au Sénégal. Le développement sous un nouveau prisme (2 volumes), Harmattan Sénégal, 2019
Cet ouvrage propose un changement paradigmatique, après que les nombreuses politiques de développement ont manqué à la promesse de la prospérité partagée dans les pays en développement. Son ambition est d'accompagner efficacement les gouvernants par une simplification des méthodes, en leur proposant des outils adaptés à l'élaboration de politiques multisectorielles. Titulaire d'un doctorat en Economie de l'Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar et spécialiste en économie générationnelle, Latif Dramani est professeur d'Economie à l'université de Thiès et coordinateur du Centre de recherche en Economie Appliquée de Thiès (CREFAT).
ISBN 978-2-343-16187-7 (Vol 1) and 978-2-343-16188-4 (Vol 2)
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This book provides a comparison of the measurement in time and monetary units of unpaid domestic work in Colombia, Costa Rica, Uruguay, and the Hispanic ethnicity in the United States. A standardized technique allows the development of comparable estimates across countries per age and gender which reveal specific behavioral patterns over the life cycle. A mixture of economic conditions, social norms, and demographic trends provide insightful explanations for the unequal burden that women and girls carry when dealing with unpaid domestic activities, an economically significant but traditionally neglected activity. As such, the book is of interested to practitioners in all social sciences, particularly sociologists, demographers, economists, and policymakers.
ISBN 978-3-030-11805-1 (hardcover); ISBN 978-3-030-11806-8 (e-Book)
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This book presents a cross section of the work and concerns of social demographers worldwide, covering a broad range of topics from social structure through population structure to social policy; from fertility and mortality through migration to the way in which organisations deal with the demographic environment in which they operate. Topics addressed also include morbidity and health profiles and transitions, as well as policies and programs concerned with these and other issues. The volume touches on some of the major links between population and societal dynamics. It addresses demographic patterns and issues from micro-level, meso-level, and macro-level perspectives and helps put into focus the past, present and future of the mutual relations between population dynamics and societal responses. With a unique introductory chapter discussing the global unevenness of population growth today, its associations with inequality and the challenges it presents for the future, and a truly international approach to social and demographic change and policy responses, this book will serve as a valuable resource for professionals and students in sociology, demography, social policy and local governance.
ISBN 978-3-319-94868-3 (hardcover); ISBN 978-3-319-94869-0 (e-Book)
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Penser le vieillissement en Méditerranée. Données, processus et liens sociaux, Karthala, 2019.
Family Demography in Asia. A Comparative Analysis of Fertility Preferences, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018
The demographic future of Asia is a global issue. As the biggest driver of population growth, an understanding of patterns and trends in fertility throughout Asia is critical to understand our shared demographic future. This is the first book to comprehensively and systematically analyse fertility across the continent through the perspective of individuals themselves rather than as a consequence of top-down government policies. Special introductory chapters provide context to the key themes of ‘son preference’ and the relationship between fertility preferences and broader theories of fertility transition. Exploring fertility through the lens of preferences, international researchers and leading academics discuss themes relating to family size, contraception use and the roles of indicators such as education and income, as well as sub-national variation. Covering the experiences of more than one-third of the global population over 22 territories, this book explores the heterogeneous experience of Asia, home to some of the highest and lowest fertility rates in the world. Understudied countries such as Brunei, Papua New Guinea and Timor-Leste have new and revealing fertility data examined. This is the ‘go-to’ reference guide for scholars, students and policymakers who are concerned with Asia’s demographic future. Scholars of demography, reproductive health and family planning will find this a comprehensive insight into the future demography of Asia.
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Avec une espérance de vie à la naissance estimée à 58 ans, la situation sanitaire du Burkina Faso, et en particulier celle de Ouagadougou, sa capitale, est emblématique de l’Afrique subsaharienne où la mortalité reste encore très élevée. Ce niveau élevé de mortalité s’explique par la forte prévalence des maladies infectieuses et parasitaires, de la malnutrition et des décès maternels. Mais en ville, les maladies non transmissibles progressent et sont aujourd’hui responsables de la majorité des décès. En Afrique subsaharienne où l’urbanisation est rapide, peu d’études se sont intéressées à la santé des populations vivant en marge des villes, pour beaucoup issues du milieu rural et pauvres. Ouagadougou compte aujourd’hui 2 millions d’habitants avec un taux de croissance qui dépasse les 7% par an. Des quartiers entiers se constituent de manière informelle à la périphérie de la ville. Depuis 2009, l’Observatoire de Population de Ouagadougou (OPO) suit les habitants de cinq quartiers formels et informels de la capitale. À partir de ces données, devenues une source incontournable sur la santé urbaine en Afrique de l’Ouest, cet ouvrage dresse un bilan des différents fardeaux de maladies qui pèsent aujourd’hui sur les hommes et les femmes de ces quartiers aux différents âges de la vie, et ce, de façon inégale selon les caractéristiques socioéconomiques et environnementales. Les résultats présentés s’avèrent précieux pour l’élaboration des politiques de développement et d’amélioration des conditions de vie des populations d’Afrique.
ISBN 978-2-7332-6026-5 (book); ISBN 978-2-7332-6027-2 (ePub); ISBN 978-2-7332-6028-9 (Pdf)
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This provocative work offers a radical new approach to understanding poverty based on a comprehensive and accessible critique of key concepts and research methods. It upends much of the received wisdom to provide an invaluable resource for students, teachers and researchers across the social sciences. Poverty has become the central focus of global development efforts, with a vast body of research and funding dedicated to its alleviation. And yet, the field of poverty studies remains deeply ideological and has been used to justify wealth and power within the prevailing world order. Andrew Martin Fischer clarifies this deeply political character, from conceptions and measures of poverty through to their application as policies. Poverty as Ideology shows how our dominant approaches to poverty studies have, in fact, served to reinforce the prevailing neoliberal ideology while neglecting the wider interests of social justice that are fundamental to creating more equitable societies. Instead, our development policies have created a ‘poverty industry’ that obscures the dynamic reproductions of poverty within contemporary capitalist development and promotes segregation in the name of science and charity. Fischer argues that an effective and lasting solution to global poverty requires us to reorient our efforts away from current fixations on productivity and towards more equitable distributions of wealth and resources.
ISBN: 9781786990440 (paperback); 9781786990471 (eBook ePub); 9781786990488 (eBook Kindle)
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The Indian Metamorphosis: Essays on Its Enlightenment, Education and Society, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018
This book examines various ideational, attitudinal and intellectual impasses that are becoming glaringly apparent on several fronts, and which have held back India’s balanced, steady and uniform development and transformation post-independence. It argues that all of these ideational and attitudinal aberrations stem from one basic fact, namely that India, throughout the entire period since the onset of modern industrial secular civilization at the global level, has somehow managed to evade the core ideas and values of the western Enlightenment movement, leaving unfinished the crucial task of modernizing and secularizing the mindsets and outlooks of its people on a mass scale – a task that has historically and globally been the backbone of sustained modern material development with socio-political stability. Further, it suggests that this enormous failure is crucially linked to key shortcomings in Indian mainstream thinking, and the imaginations and visions in general, and as such is also linked with confused educational ideas and content – particularly at the elementary level – since the country gained independence. The book maintains that Indian curricula and educational content at the school level has been consciously designed to guard against the core values and ideas of the Enlightenment, which could have made the typical Indian mind more rational, reasonable, mature and secular, resulting in much lower degrees of unreason, raw sentiments and emotions than have been hitherto entrenched in it. The book further sketches the genesis and impact of the currently dominant neoliberal ideas and thinking that have invaded the entire educational universe and its philosophy around the world. Lastly, it examines and assesses the latter’s far-reaching ramifications for current Indian educational philosophy, pedagogy and practices, and proposes concrete remedial directions for public policy and action.
ISBN 978-981-13-0796-6 (hardcover); ISBN 978-981-13-0797-3 (eBook)
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A Fraught Embrace. The Romance and Reality of AIDS Altruism in Africa, Princeton University Press, 2017.
Les évolutions récentes de la famille et du monde du travail ont contribué ces dernières années à faire évoluer la manière dont le logement participé à la recomposition des identités sexuées et des rapports de pouvoir entre les sexes. La généralisation du travail salarié des femmes a-t-elle modifié le rapport à l’habitat et les stratégies d’achat, de location ou sous-location du logement ? Le lien entre les femmes et l’habitat évolue-t-il avec le développement des formes contemporaines de domesticité et d’emplois à domicile ? La maison est-elle encore principalement un lieu de domination masculine ? Dépassant une vision réifiée des rapports de pouvoir dans la sphère privée, cet ouvrage montre que le logement peut, dans certaines conditions, constituer un lieu d’affirmation de soi pour les femmes, par exemple au sein de populations défavorisées, mais confirme aussi combien cet équilibre demeure fragile. À travers les différentes contributions qui analysent la sphère du logement comme lieu de vie, et plus largement l’habitat comme environnement social, les auteurs insistent sur l’intérêt de le désenclaver en le reliant avec la sphère professionnelle. Considérant le logement dans ses dimensions matérielle, symbolique, économique et juridique, cet état des lieux propose de nouvelles perspectives de recherche.
ISBN 978-2-7332-6023-4 (hardcover)
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This book provides the main findings of a ground-breaking survey on immigrants and the second generation in France. The data, collected from more than 20, 000 persons representative of the population living in France, offer invaluable insights into the trajectories and experience of ethnic minorities. The book explains how France has been an immigrant-receiving country for over a century and how it is now a multicultural society with an unprecedented level of origin diversity. While immigrants and their descendants are targets of clichés and stereotyping, this book provides unique quantitative findings on their situation in all areas of personal and working life. Is origin in itself a factor of inequality? With its detailed reconstitutions of educational, occupational and conjugal trajectories and its exploration of access to housing and health, this book provides multiple approaches to answering this question. One of the work’s major contributions is to combine objective and subjective measures of discrimination: this is the first study in France to focus on racism as experienced by those subjected to it, while opening up new methodological perspectives on the experience of prejudice by origin, religion, and skin colour.
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Géographie des populations. Concepts, dynamiques, prospectives, Armand Colin, 2018.
Depuis le début du XXIe siècle, quatre grandes tendances démographiques s’observent à l’échelle mondiale : la généralisation de la transition démographique, la mondialisation des migrations, la montée de l’urbanisation, le vieillissement de la population ; et l’idée d’une évolution homogène et convergente des populations semble s’imposer. Pourtant, derrière la réalité incontestable de ces quatre processus, des analyses précises montrent qu’il n’en est rien. Leur déploiement est non seulement varié selon les territoires, mais il connaît également une forte diversification géographique en fonction de leurs intensités et de leurs calendriers. Si bien que, contrairement aux idées reçues, il n’y a aucune convergence démographique selon les pays, ni donc de mondialisation en démographie. Les études prospectives laissent même entrevoir des divergences accrues. Pour le démontrer, cet ouvrage propose une étude fine et totalement renouvelée de la géographie des populations du monde, en expliquant clairement les grands concepts, en analysant les dynamiques locales et en présentant les scénarios du futur. Un ouvrage assorti de nombreuses figures originales et d’un cahier cartographique présentant les grands indicateurs à l’échelle mondiale.
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Paths of Inequality in Brazil. A Half-Century of Changes, Springer, 2019
This book presents multidisciplinary analyses of the historical trajectories of social and economic inequalities in Brazil over the last 50 years. As one of the most unequal countries in the world, Brazil has always been an important case study for scholars interested in inequality research, but in the last decades a new phenomenon has renewed these researchers’ interest in the country: while the majority of democracies in the developed world have witnessed an increase in income inequality from the 1970s on, Brazil has followed the opposite path, registering a significant reduction of income inequality over the last 30 years. Bringing together studies carried out by experts from different areas, such as economists, sociologists, demographers and political scientists, this volume presents insights based on rigorous analyses of statistical data in an effort to explain the long term changes in social and economic inequalities in Brazil. The book adopts a multidisciplinary approach, analyzing the relations between income inequality and different dimensions of social life, such as education, health, political participation, public policies, demographics and labor market. All of this makes Paths of Inequality in Brazil – A Half-Century of Change a very valuable resource for social scientists interested in inequality research in general, and especially for sociologists, political scientists and economists interested in the social and economic changes that Brazil went through over the last two decades.
ISBN 978-3-319-78183-9 (hardcover); ISBN 978-3-78184-6 (eBook)
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Climate change, vulnerability and migration, Routlege, 2018.
This book highlights how climate change has affected migration in the Indian subcontinent. Drawing on field research, it argues that extreme weather events such as floods, droughts, cyclones, cloudbursts as well as sea-level rise, desertification and declining crop productivity have shown higher frequency in recent times and have depleted bio-physical diversity and the capacity of the ecosystem to provide food and livelihood security. The volume shows how the socio-economically poor are worst affected in these circumstances and resort to migration to survive. The essays in the volume study the role of remittances sent by migrants to their families in environmentally fragile zones in providing an important cushion and adaptation capabilities to cope with extreme weather events. The book looks at the socio-economic and political drivers of migration, different forms of mobility, mortality and morbidity levels in the affected population, and discusses mitigation and adaption strategies. The volume will be of great interest to scholars and researchers of environment and ecology, migration and diaspora studies, development studies, sociology and social anthropology, governance and public policy, and politics.
ISBN: 9780415790727 (Hardcover); ISBN: 9781315147741 (eBook).
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Migration between Africa and Europe, Springer, 2018.
This volume examines migration between Africa and Europe, rather than just from Africa to Europe. Based on a unique socio-demographic survey carried out both in origin and destination countries (MAFE survey), it argues that return migration, circulation, and transnational practices are significant. Policy design must also take these factors into account. Comparing in a systematic way three flows of African migrants (from Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana and Senegal), this study offers a new view on the patterns, determinants, and family and economic effects of migration. By comparing six European countries (Belgium, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and the UK), it shows that the dynamics of migration differ greatly in new vs. old destination countries. Based on a statistical analysis of life histories, this study provides a dynamic view of migration that will help readers better understand current trends as well as future trajectories. It will appeal to researchers, academics, practitioners, and others interested in taking a deeper look in (im)migration issues.
ISBN 978-3-319-69568-6 (hardcover); ISBN 978-3-319-69569-3 (eBook)
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L’évolution des mobilités, l’élargissement des espaces de travail et la transformation des modes de vie ont-ils une incidence sur la famille et les liens qui la constituent ? Comment se définit aujourd’hui une famille supposément éclatée en différents lieux ? Sous l’effet des mobilités et des migrations, la dispersion géographique des individus et leurs choix de localisation supposent, pour chacun, des arbitrages complexes, au centre desquels la proximité ou l’accessibilité du réseau familial prend toute sa place. Comment rendre compte et comprendre le fonctionnement de la famille à distance ? Au-delà du ménage, le groupe familial se définit comme un ensemble dont les différents membres ne résident pas nécessairement, et pas toujours, sous le même toit. Il se déploie sur un territoire aux contours variés. Distance, proximités et frontières administratives et internationales impriment des dynamiques particulières aux relations familiales. La multirésidence ou le fait de vivre sous plusieurs toits différents, l’entretien des liens des migrants avec la famille d’origine, les relations avec les parents âgés, la vie de couple sans cohabitation, la pratique du télétravail ou la mobilité de groupes professionnels (personnels navigants par exemple), sont autant de manifestations du fonctionnement à distance de la famille qui, en s’adaptant à ces nouvelles contraintes, invente de nouvelles solidarités.
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Egyptian Female Labor Force Participation and the Future of Economic Empowerment, by Huda Alkitkat (Springer, 2018). According to the United Nations’ agenda for 2030 for sustainable development, namely, the fifth goal “Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls,” one of the components of women empowerment is economic empowerment. This book sheds light on Egyptian women’s participation in the labor force during the last three decades up to 2030. The primary objective is to study trends in female labor force participation and predict future participation. The book consists of five chapters: 1) “History of Women’s Economic Empowerment” sheds light on the history of national and international conventions and strategies that promote women’s economic empowerment; 2) “Demographic Profile of Egypt,” provides background on the trends of the most important demographic characteristics of the last decades, such as age and sex distributions, population distribution, fertility and mortality levels, demographic transition, and demographic window; 3) “Trends in Egyptian Female Participation in Labor Force” studies women’s labor force participation during the last three decades using descriptive analysis and working life tables. 4) “Future of Egyptian Female Participation in Labor Force” provides different scenarios to predict female labor force participation in Egypt in 2030; 5) “Summary and Recommendations to Policy Makers” concludes the analysis and opens discussion of the major topics that need to be raised and discussed to improve Egyptian women’s participation in the labor force.
ISBN: 978-3-319-59643-3 (softcover); ISBN: 978-3-319-59644-0 (eBook)
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The West African Sahel is predicted to be heavily affected by climate change in the future. Slow-onset environmental changes, such as increasing rainfall variability and rising temperature, are presumed to worsen the livelihood conditions and to increase the out-migration from the affected regions. Based on qualitative and quantitative data from study areas in Mali and Senegal, this book examines the relationship between population dynamics, livelihoods and environment in the Sahel region, focussing specifically on motives for migration. Critiquing the assumption that environmental stress is the dominating migration driver, the author demonstrates the important role of individual aspirations and social processes, such as educational opportunities and the pull of urban lifestyles. In doing so, the book provides a more nuanced picture of the environment-migration nexus, arguing that slow-onset environmental changes may actually be less important as drivers of migration in the Sahel than they are often depicted in the media and climate change literature. This is a valuable resource for academics and students of environmental sociology, migration and development studies.
ISBN: 9781138217522 (Hardback); ISBN: 9781315440163 (eBook)
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Why Demography Matters, Polity, 2018
Demography is not destiny. As Giacomo Casanova explained over two centuries ago: "There is no such thing as destiny. We ourselves shape our own lives." Today we are shaping them and our societies more than ever before. Globally, we have never had fewer children per adult: our population is about to stabilize, though we do not know when or at what number, or what will happen after that. It will be the result of billions of very private decisions influenced in turn by multiple events and policies, some more unpredictable than others. More people are moving further around the world than ever before: we too often see that as frightening, rather than as indicating greater freedom. Similarly, we too often lament greater ageing, rather than recognizing it as a tremendous human achievement with numerous benefits to which we must adapt. Demography comes to the fore most positively when we see that we have choices, when we understand variation and when we are not deterministic in our prescriptions. The study of demography has for too long been dominated by pessimism and inhuman, simplistic accounting. As this fascinating and persuasive overview demonstrates, how we understand our demography needs to change again.
ISBN: 9780745698403 (hardback); ISBN: 9780745698410 (paperback); ISBN: 9780745698441 (open eBook)
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Demographic Dividends: Emerging Challenges and Policy Implications, Springer, 2016.
This book examines potential economic opportunities that countries can experience when fertility rates fall and the average life expectancy of the working age population increases. It presents detailed demographic and economic analysis of middle-income countries throughout the world in order to show how these countries can take advantage of this demographic bonus. The book first traces the common link between policies that contribute to fertility transition as well as create the right kind of environment for reaping the benefit of demographic dividend. Next, it explores different countries and regions who are at different levels of development. It assesses the long term impact of gender equality on economic growth and development in Latin America; describes the life-cycle saving patterns of Mexican households; and examines demographic determinants of economic growth in BRICS. The book also offers demographic and economic analysis of the Mediterranean area, Sub-Saharan Africa, and New Zealand. The comparison between the different territorial contexts allow for the identification of three typologies of demographic dividend: the first dividend, when the working population grows faster than total population, the second dividend, as active generations get older and invest their savings in the production system of their country, and the third dividend, based on the coexistence of two populations age structure strongly contrasting. Overall, this book argues for the need to capitalize on the opportunities that come from the demographic dividend by investing heavily in education programs, training programs for the population working age, health programs, the creation of health insurance systems as well as programs to reduce or increase fertility levels.
ISBN: 978-3-319-32707-5 (hardcover); ISBN: 978-3-319-32709-9 (eBook)
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Adopting a longitudinal approach, this book examines the dynamics of union and family formation in France and its effects on various aspects of life, such as employment, intergenerational transfers, etc. Drawing on data from a survey in which the same respondents were interviewed three times at three-year intervals, the book explores how demographic behaviours are influenced across the life course at individual level and assesses some of their consequences. The contributors give a clear understanding of how family behaviours are constructed and redefined. They track changes in respondents’ lives in order to pinpoint the factors that prevent couples from realizing their fertility intentions, for example, or to identify certain determinants of union formation or dissolution. They also provide a more detailed picture of the changes that shape family behaviours, such as the impact of a birth on the working career or on intergenerational support, and much more. Using longitudinal data from the French version of the Generations and Gender Survey (GGS), this book addresses family and childbearing behaviours dynamically, as processes that interact with each other and with the other components of each individual's life course.
ISBN: 978-3-319-56000-7 (Hardcover); ISBN: 978-3-319-56001-4 (eBook)
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Dynamic Demographic Analysis, Springer, 2016.
This volume presents state of the art analyses from scholars dealing with a range of demographic topics of current concern, including longevity, mortality and morbidity, migration, and how population composition impacts intergenerational transfer schemes. New approaches are applied to such issues as measuring changes in cohort survivorship in low mortality populations, patterns of mortality improvement at older ages, and the consequences of heterogeneity in the susceptibility to death. Studies examine models of the current status of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, advance present methods for estimating population change in small areas, and strive to disentangle age, period, and cohort effects. In sum, the book addresses key contemporary issues in measuring and modeling dynamic populations, and advances the frontier of dynamic demography.
ISBN 978-3-319-26601-5 (Hardcover); ISBN 978-3-319-26603-9 (eBbook)
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Demography of Refugee and Forced Migration, Springer 2018
This authoritative and comprehensive edited volume presents current research on how demography can contribute to generating scientific knowledge and evidence concerning refugees and forced migration, developing evidence based policy recommendations on protection for forced migrants and reception of refugees, and revealing the determinants and consequences of migration for origin and destination regions and communities. Refugee and other forced migrations have increased substantially in scale, complexity and diversity in recent decades. These changes challenge traditional approaches in response to refugee and other forced migration situations, and protection of refugees. Demography has an important contribution to make in this analytic space. While other disciplines (especially anthropology, law, geography, political science and international relations) have made major contributions to refugee and forced migration studies, demography has been less present with most research focusing on issues of refugee mortality and morbidity. This book specifies the range of topics for which a demographic approach is highly appropriate, and identifies findings of demographic research which can contribute to ever more effective policy making in this important arena of human welfare and international policy.
ISBN: 978-3-319-67145-1 (hardcover); ISBN: 978-3-319-67147-5 (eBook)
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Routledge Handbook of Asian Demography, Routledge, 2018
Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. It is also extremely diverse with its populations living in hugely varied natural environments and representing a striking array of demographic characteristics and stages of demographic transition. This Handbook provides a comprehensive study of population change in Asia and related theoretical issues through systematically examining demographic transitions in the region and their relationships with a wide range of social, economic, political and cultural factors. It comprises 28 chapters written by more than 40 experts and is designed to provide a key reference for academics, students, policy makers and anyone who is interested in population change in Asia.
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The frequency with which people move home has important implications for national economic performance and the well-being of individuals and families. Much contemporary theory posits that the world is becoming ever more mobile, yet there is mounting evidence (especially from the US) to suggest that this may not be true of all types of mobility nor of all geographical contexts. This book examines the long-term trends in internal migration in the Developed World, especially featuring case studies of the USA, UK, Australia, Japan, Sweden, Germany and Italy, and provides a critical assessment of the extent to which global structural forces, as opposed to national context, have been influencing internal migration behaviour since the 1960s.
Hardback: 9781472478061; eBook: 9781315589282
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Special Issue on Highly Skilled Migration and Global Economic Recession, Population, Space and Place, Volume 22, Issue 5, July 2016, pages 403–503.
This special issue focuses on a key-component of migration – highly skilled migrants – by addressing the risks they encounter and the hedging mechanisms they employ when confronted with unfriendly policies or economic downturns in the host country. From a conceptual standpoint, the situation discussed here is that of a group with high human capital (highly skilled) in a hostile context of reception. The discussion is framed around the two risks explored by the contributors to this special issue: a significant economic crisis affecting the host country and institutionalized discrimination. Although the individual papers do not necessarily employ a comparative perspective, these topics are explored in four different settings (UK, United States, Israel, and Canada), allowing readers to see how the history and characteristics of the host country influence the issues at hand.
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Special issue on The Science of Choice. Supplement to Population Studies, October 2017
To understand population change, it is not sufficient to know what life choices individuals and families make. We need to understand how choices are made. Critical choices in life, such as the choice to marry, to have a child, to migrate, to retire or to end the life course, are outcomes of cognitive processes. The processes involve substantial risk and uncertainty. They consist of stages and each stage takes time. Life choices have far-reaching consequences. Because of them, people’s lives and biographies are diverse, and population change is colourful but complex. Multi-stage decision processes under uncertainty, embedded in the human life course, are the subject of this special issue (supplement) of Population Studies. To master the complexity of the subject, stochastic process models and microsimulation are used, and Bayesian information processing models that incorporate prior beliefs are suggested. The publication should appeal to demographers, sociologists, economists, cognitive scientists and anyone interested in understanding how critical life choices are made. The publication is an outcome of the Scientific Panel on Microsimulation and Agent-Based Modelling convened by the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP) and a workshop the Panel organized in cooperation with the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research in Rostock, Germany.
The entire publication is Open-Access and available online: Population Studies.
No society can escape population ageing. This demographic phenomenon has profound social consequences on the lifestyles of individuals and societies. In the light of the accelerated ageing of the Mediterranean area, the analyses which inform this work aim to understand how the age-related policies of Nation-States are partly responsible for the behaviours of the generations. They also highlight how the lifestyle changes are the result of trends which are common to these societies. The Mediterranean area constructed here by the researchers offers an in-depth reflection on the national cases presented, in terms of their specificities or societal singularities, as well as of their dynamics of convergence. Drawing on empirical research in sociology, demography, geography and economics, exploiting the most recent data available and setting the present in historical perspective, Ageing, Lifestyles and Economic Crises studies Mediterranean societies in relation to three major challenges which they now confront. These are: population ageing and its implications in terms of intergenerational family support relationships; increasingly insecure adult professional trajectories and their consequences for the evolution of social gender roles, in an economic context commonly referred to as a 'crisis'; and lastly the role of Nation-States' public policies in the social reproduction of these gender inequalities. These three issues are the keystone to understanding the ongoing transformations in the lifestyles and life cycles of Mediterranean societies. This volume marshals a wealth of recent data that will be useful not only to many academics and scientists but also to local and national policy-makers.
Hardback: 9781138040267; eBook: 9781315175218
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Late in a career of more than sixty years, Thomas Burch, an internationally known social demographer, undertook a wide-ranging methodological critique of demography. This volume contains a selection of resulting papers, some previously unpublished, some published but not readily accessible [from past meetings of The International Union for the Scientific Study of Population and its research committees, or from other small conferences and seminars]. Rejecting the idea that demography is simply a branch of applied statistics, his work views it as an autonomous and complete scientific discipline. When viewed from the perspective of modern philosophy of science, specifically the semantic or model-based school, demography is a balanced discipline, with a rich body of techniques and data, but also with more and better theories than generally recognized. As demonstrated in this book, some demographic techniques can also be seen as theoretical models, and some substantive/behavioral models, commonly rejected as theory because of inconsistent observations, are now seen as valuable theoretical models, for example demographic transition theory. This book shows how demography can build a strong theoretical edifice on its broad and deep empirical foundation by adoption of the model-based approach to science. But the full-fruits of this approach will require demographers to make greater use of computer modeling [both macro- and micro-simulation], in the statement and manipulation of theoretical ideas, as well as for numerical computation.
Hardback: ISBN 978-3-319-65432-4; eBook: ISBN 978-3-319-65433-1
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This book will also be available online on the Springer website in open access under a CC BY license (for free), hopefully by the end of October.
Africa's Population: In Search of a Demographic Dividend, Springer, 2017
This book examines the promises as well as the challenges the demographic dividend brings to sub-Saharan Africa as fertility rates in the region fall and the labor force grows. It offers a detailed analysis of what conditions must be met in order for the region to take full economic advantage of ongoing population dynamics. As the book makes clear, the region will need to accelerate reforms to cope with its demographic transition, in particular the decline of fertility. The continent will need to foster human capital formation through renewed efforts in the areas of education, health and employment. This will entail a true vision and determination on the part of African leaders and their development partners. The book will help readers to gain solid knowledge of the demographic trends and provide insights into socioeconomic policies that eventually might lead sub-Saharan Africa into a successful future.
Hardback: ISBN 978-3-319-46887-7; eBook: ISBN 978-3-319-46889-1
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Health and Medicine in the Indian Princely States: 1850-1950, Routledge, 2017
Since the 1980s there has been a continual engagement with the history and the place of western medicine in colonial settings and non-western societies. In relation to South Asia, research on the role of medicine has focussed primarily on regions under direct British administration. This book looks at the ‘princely states’ that made up about two fifths of the subcontinent. Two comparatively large states, Mysore and Travancore – usually considered as ‘progressive’ and ‘enlightened’ – and some of the princely states of Orissa – often described as ‘backward’ and ‘despotic’ – have been selected for analysis. The authors map developments in public health and psychiatry, the emergence of specialised medical institutions, the influence of western medicine on indigenous medical communities and their patients and the interaction between them. Exploring contentious issues currently debated in the existing scholarship on medicine in British India and other colonies, this book covers the ‘indigenisation’ of health services; the inter-relationship of colonial and indigenous paradigms of medical practice; the impact of specific political and administrative events and changes on health policies. The book also analyses British medical policies and the Indian reactions and initiatives they evoked in different Indian states. It offers new insights into the interplay of local adaptations with global exchanges between different national schools of thought in the formation of what is often vaguely, and all too simply, referred to as 'western' or 'colonial' medicine.
Hardback: ISBN 978-0-415-67935-0; eBook: ISBN 978-1-315-16587-5
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The book gives an overview of the issues surrounding Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART), both in the Global South and North. It presents the political and social frameworks of ART, and its impact in different countries. In the context of social pressure to conceive – particularly for women – this collection explores the effect of the development of ARTs, growing globalisation and reproductive medicalization on societies. Furthermore, this book analyses ART inequalities, commonalities, and specificities in various countries, regions and on the transnational scene. From a multidisciplinary perspective and drawing on multisite studies, it highlights some new issues relating to ART (e.g. egg freezing, surrogacy) and discusses some older issues regarding infertility and its medical treatment (e.g. in vitro fertilisation, childless stigmatisation and access to treatment). This book will appeal to scholars and students in the social sciences, medicine, public health, health policy, women’s and gender studies, and demography.
Hardback:ISBN 978-1-13-893235-7 eBook:ISBN 978-1-31-567931-0
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Intimate Interventions in Global Health: Family Planning and HIV Prevention in Sub-Saharan Africa, Cambridge University Press, 2017.
When addressing the factors shaping HIV prevention programs in sub-Saharan Africa, it is important to consider the role of family planning programs that preceded the epidemic. In this book, Rachel Sullivan Robinson argues that both globally and locally, those working to prevent HIV borrowed and adapted resources, discourses, and strategies used for family planning. By combining statistical analysis of all sub-Saharan African countries with comparative case studies of Malawi, Nigeria, and Senegal, Robinson also shows that the nature of countries’ interactions with the international community, the strength and composition of civil society, and the existence of technocratic leaders influenced variation in responses to HIV. Specifically, historical and existing relationships with outside actors, the nature of nongovernmental organizations, and perceptions of previous interventions strongly structured later health interventions through processes of path dependence and policy feedback. This book will be of great use to scholars and practitioners interested in global health, international development, African studies and political science.
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Generaciones, cursos de vida y desigualdad social, El Colegio de México and El Colegio de la Frontera Norte, 2016.
En este libro se analizan los efectos del cambio histórico y la desigualdad social, a partir de tres generaciones de mexicanos nacidos en el periodo transcurrido entre 1951 y 1980, residentes en las grandes ciudades del país. Se utiliza una rica fuente de datos. La EDER 2011, una encuesta retrospectiva que recopila los principales eventos en sus trayectorias demográficas, educativas y laborales. Esta obra está destinada a ser una obra fundamental para entender la relación entre cambio histórico y biografías personales en el México contemporáneo.
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At the XXIst World Congress of the International Committee of Historical Sciences (ICHS/CISH) in 2010 in Amsterdam, the International Commission for Historical Demography (ICHD) decided to write an overview of its own history. Fifty years had gone by since the CISH XIst World Congress in Stockholm 1960, when historians took the first tentative initiatives to create a wholly new interdisciplinary commission for historical demography, a meeting place for a budding discipline where researchers in letters and science could meet, exchange ideas, cultivate and develop a new field. This book is the outcome of that decision. Demography, past, present and future is a common concern for all inhabitants of this planet. The variation is great, however, with regard to sources, social and political conditions, state of the art, technological development, national and local initiatives. In the course of half a century many changes take place. Keeping abreast of the gigantic streams of information and innovation in the field is demanding, even more so for a discipline with global dimensions and ambitions. The book makes fascinating reading, and preparing it has been a rewarding and thought provoking experience. The thirty-seven articles in the book represent as many different stories
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A Fraught Embrace: The Romance and Reality of AIDS Altruism in Africa, Princeton University Press, 2017
In the wake of the AIDS pandemic, legions of organizations and compassionate individuals descended on Africa from faraway places to offer their help and save lives. A Fraught Embrace shows how the dreams of these altruists became entangled with complex institutional and human relationships. Ann Swidler and Susan Cotts Watkins vividly describe the often mismatched expectations and fantasies of those who seek to help, of the villagers who desperately seek help, and of the brokers on whom both Western altruists and impoverished villagers must rely. Based on years of fieldwork in the heavily AIDS-affected country of Malawi, this powerful book digs into the sprawling AIDS enterprise and unravels the paradoxes of AIDS policy and practice. All who want to do good—from idealistic volunteers to world-weary development professionals—depend on brokers as guides, fixers, and cultural translators. These irreplaceable but frequently unseen local middlemen are the human connection between altruists' dreams and the realities of global philanthropy. The mutual misunderstandings among donors, brokers, and villagers—each with their own desires and moral imaginations—create all the drama of a romance: longing, exhilaration, disappointment, heartache, and sometimes an enduring connection. Personal stories, public scandals, and intersecting, sometimes clashing fantasies bring the lofty intentions of AIDS altruism firmly down to earth. Swidler and Watkins ultimately argue that altruists could accomplish more good, not by seeking to transform African lives but by helping Africans achieve their own goals. A Fraught Embrace unveils the tangled relations of those involved in the collective struggle to contain an epidemic.
ISBN Hardcover: 9780691173924 / eBook: 9781400884988
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(Available also on Kindle)
Migration internationale africaine, L'Harmattan, 2017
Aujourd'hui, les caractéristiques des migrations sont surtout spontanées et les situations socio-économiques en sont les principales responsables. En Afrique particulièrement, l'exode rural, le chômage des diplômés, l'instabilité politique et l'absence de la sécurité représentent les principales raisons de vouloir émigrer. Mais, paradoxalement, l'Afrique montre aujourd'hui ses richesses naturelles, humaines, et devient une force économique, un espace d'accueil de capitaux et d'investissements. Le continent se lance aujourd'hui vers un avenir prometteur et un futur riche en termes de mouvements humains et économiques.
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Realidades y falacias en torno al aborto : salud y derechos humanos, El Colegio de México and Institut de recherche pour le développement, 2016.
Since the late 20th century, abortion has been the subject of intense debate in the fields of politics, human rights, and public health. Because it involves sensitive and controversial issues related to the “right to life”, dignity, equality, justice, and women’s rights to make free and informed decisions on when and whether to be a mother, the debate on abortion and its decriminalization requires further reflection. However, a controversial confluence of ideological, religious, moral, ethical, and legal positions, as well as conflicting political interests often interfere with them. The latter have already imposed restrictive laws that threaten the sexual and reproductive rights of women in contrast to the principles of a secular and democratic society. Following the 2007 adoption of a reform decriminalizing abortion in Mexico City, and the subsequent activities and advocacy against it by right-wing groups, in 2008 the Supreme Court of Mexico organized public hearings at which arguments were advanced for and against the reform. In order to contribute to a rigorous and informed reflection on this complex issue, this book analyzes these arguments from the perspective of the right to health and human rights, in the context of population policy in Mexico and considering scientific evidence on the impact of legal frameworks on women’s health and welfare (globally). Drawing from this “historical debate”, the authors expose the fallacies that seek to limit sexual and reproductive rights of girls and women, and the impact this issue has had on the actions of politicians, legislators, and health personnel who face the realities of abortion in Mexico.
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Maternidad en adolescentes y desigualdad social en Uruguay, Análisis territorial desde la perspectiva de sus protagonistas en barrios de la periferia crítica de Montevideo, Universidad de la República (Uruguay) and UNFPA, 2016.
The book presents evidence on social, subjective, cultural and territorial phenomena which have an impact on women and men’s sexual and reproductive behaviour, and contribute to the high level of fertility and maternity among adolescents in Uruguay. To this end, the authors based their study on the perceptions of teenagers as well as the views of institutional agents who work in their neighborhoods about the factors that contribute to perpetuate the transition to maternity in adolescence. The project was based on a mixed design combining qualitative and quantitative techniques, focusing on two neighborhoods of the capital city with high levels of Unsatisfied Basic Needs.
New Approaches to Death in Cities during the Health Transition, International Studies in Population Series, Vol. 12, Springer, 2016.
This book presents recent efforts and new approaches to improve our understanding of the evolution of health and mortality in urban environments in the long run, looking at transformation and adaptations during the process of rapid population growth. In a world characterized by large and rapidly evolving urban environments, the past and present challenges cities face is one of the key topics in our society. Cities are a world of differences and, consequently, of inequalities. At the same time cities remain, above all, the spaces of interactions among a variety of social groups, the places where poor, middle-class, and wealthy people, as well as elites, have coexisted in harmony or tension. Urban areas also form specific epidemiological environments since they are characterized by population concentration and density, and a high variety of social spaces from wealthy neighborhoods to slums. Inversely and coherently, cities develop answers in terms of sanitary policies and health infrastructures. This balance between risk and protective factors is, however, not at all constant across time and space and is especially endangered in periods of massive demographic growth, particularly periods of urbanization mainly led by immigration flows that transform both the socioeconomic and demographic composition of urban populations and the morphological nature of urban environments. Therefore this book is an unique contribution in which present day and past socio-demographic and health challenges confronted by big urban environments are combined.
Hardcover: ISBN 978-3-319-43001-0
Special issue on ‘Understanding variation in human fertility: what can we learn from evolutionary demography?’ in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 19 April 2016; volume 371, issue 1692
Decades of research on human fertility has presented a clear picture of how fertility varies, including its dramatic decline over the last two centuries in most parts of the world. Why fertility varies, both between and within populations, is not nearly so well understood. Fertility is a complex phenomenon, partly physiologically and partly behaviourally determined, thus an interdisciplinary approach is required to understand it. Evolutionary demographers have focused on human fertility since the 1980s. The first wave of evolutionary demographic research made major theoretical and empirical advances, investigating variation in fertility primarily in terms of fitness maximization. Research focused particularly on variation within high-fertility populations and small-scale subsistence societies and also yielded a number of hypotheses for why fitness maximization seems to break down as fertility declines during the demographic transition. A second wave of evolutionary demography research on fertility is now underway, paying much more attention to the cultural and psychological mechanisms underpinning fertility. It is also engaging with the complex, multi-causal nature of fertility variation, and with understanding fertility in complex modern and transitioning societies. Here, we summarize the history of evolutionary demographic work on human fertility, describe the current state of the field, and suggest future directions
Our volume examines the profound demographic transformation affecting China, India, and Indonesia, where 40% of the world's people live. It offers a systematic, comparative approach that will help readers to better understand the changing social and regional recomposition of the population in these regions. The 22 chapters written by eminent demographers present a detailed investigation and mapping of regional trends in mortality, fertility, migration and urbanization, education, and aging. Throughout, the analysis carefully considers how these trends affect economic and social development. Coverage also raises global, theoretical questions about the singular ways in which each of these three countries have achieved their demographic transition. As the authors reveal, demographic trends seem to be somewhat linear and anticipatable, providing Asia’s three demographic giants and their governments a formidable advantage in planning for the future. But the evolution of human mobility in China, India, and Indonesia, closely intertwined as it is with changing economic conditions, appears less predictable and ranks high among the major challenges to demographic knowledge in the coming decades.
Hardcover: ISBN 978-3-319-24781-6
eBook: ISBN 978-3-319-24783-0
This book examines the use of agent-based modelling (ABM) in population studies, from concepts to applications and from best practices to future developments. It features papers written by leading experts in the field that will help readers to better understand the usefulness of ABM for generating projections, how ABM can be injected with empirical data to achieve a better match between model and reality, how geographic information can be fruitfully used in ABM, and how ABM results can be reported correctly and concisely. The papers show the benefits that ABM offers the field, such as enhanced theory formation by better linking the micro level with the macro level, the ability to represent populations as complex systems, and the possibility to study rare events and to assess the implications of alternative mechanisms.
Population Change in the United Kingdom, Rowman & Littlefield International, 2016
This new book on the changing population of the UK was prepared under the auspices of the BSPS and edited by its immediate past and current Presidents. It was commissioned to mark to 25th anniversary of the publication of Heather Joshi’s (1989) landmark volume The Changing Population of Britain. The new book reviews the changes that have taken place over the past quarter of a century and examines their implications for future trends and policy. It shows that the UK's population is increasing faster than at any point in the last 100 years, it is getting progressively older and it is becoming more diverse culturally and ethnically. More school leavers are going on to university. Cohabitation has been replacing marriage, more children live in one-parent families and young adults are finding it harder to get on the property ladder. Many women are delaying having children until their 40s. Cities have seen a resurgence in population but there is still pressure on the countryside, while the north-south divide is getting ever wider, as too are local socio-economic disparities.
Copies are available for purchase online at a 30% discount using code AUG1630.
Population Change in Canada, 3rd Edition, Oxford University Press, 2016.
Drawing on the latest research and statistics, the third edition of Population Change in Canada offers a comprehensive, up-to-date survey of Canadian demography from the sixteenth century to the present day. Beaujot and Kerr's insightful narrative lays the groundwork by outlining key demographic concepts as well as the fundamental population processes - mortality, fertility, and immigration - before moving on to explore in greater depth issues of population growth, distribution, and aging and finally the social, cultural, economic, and political consequences of population change. Accessible and enlightening, Population Change in Canada offers students the foundation they need to fully understand population change and to prepare to meet its challenges both now and in the future.
To purchase the volume (CAN$64.95)
Turkish Migration Policy, Transnational Press London, 2016
TURKISH MIGRATION POLICY aims to shed light on changes in migration policy, determinants beneath these changes, and practical implications for movers and non-movers in Turkey. Nevertheless, one should note that Turkey has only recently faced mass immigration and the number of foreign born has more than doubled in less than five years. Such sudden change in population composition warrants policy adjustments and reviews. Policy shift from “exporting excess labour” in the 1960s and 1970s to immigrant integration today is a drastic but necessary one. Nevertheless, Turkish migration policy is still far from settled as several chapters in this book point out. Despite the exemplary humanitarian engagement in admitting Syrians, Turkey is still at the bottom of the league table of favourable integration policies with an overall score of 25 out of 100. Turkish migration policy is likely to be adjusted further in response to the continuing immigration.
Purchase paperback ISBN: 978-1-910781-09-8
Purchase hardcover ISBN: 978-1-910781-17-3
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Surveying Human Vulnerabilities Across the Life Course, Springer, 2016
This volume details tools and procedures for data collections of hard-to-reach, hard-to-survey populations. Inside, readers will discover first-hand insights from experts who share their successes as well as their failures in their attempts to identify and measure human vulnerabilities across the life course. Coverage first provides an introduction on studying vulnerabilities based on the Total Error Survey framework. Next, the authors present concrete examples on how to survey such populations as the elderly, migrants, widows and widowers, couples facing breast cancer, employees and job seekers, displaced workers, and teenagers during their transition to adulthood. In addition, one essay discusses the rationale for the use of life history calendars in studying social and psychological vulnerability while another records the difficulty the authors faced when trying to set-up an online social network to collect relevant data. Overall, this book demonstrates the importance to have, from the very beginning, a dialogue between specialists of survey methods and the researchers working on social dynamics across the life span. It will serve as an indispensable resource for social scientists interested in gathering and analyzing data on vulnerable individuals and populations in order to construct longitudinal data bases and properly target social policies.
Demographic trends in Canada and Australia: Special issue dedicated to Graeme Hugo, in Canadian Studies in Population, Vol. 43, No. 1–2 (Spring/Summer) 2016
In many regards, Australia and Canada are rather different, especially in climate and hemispheres. They also have important similarities, including being very large countries with extensive areas of very low settlement. Both were long inhabited by indigenous populations, which were overtaken during the period of European expansion and colonization. In terms of demographics, these similarities and differences have especially been examined on the side of immigration. In both countries, there was a long period during which governments sought to establish a white European population in a new world, and a similar timeframe in the 1960s when barriers to non-white immigration were removed and immigration became more diversified. Asians are now the largest source of new arrivals in both countries. The five articles in this special issue extend the potential for comparison between Australia and Canada through the treatment not only of immigration but also fertility/family and mortality/health. Given the similarities across the two countries, these comparisons provide insight into the sociodemographic dynamics of each country. This special issue of Canadian Studies in Population is dedicated to the memory of Professor Graeme Hugo (1946–2015), who was a leading Australian population geographer.
Conflict, Insecurity and Mobility, Transnational Press London, 2016
Theories and models of contemporary migration often revolves around neofunctional models. They define migrants as rational actors who are focused on improving their economic, social, and political well-being which is enabled by access to opportunities that are not available in their origin communities and/or countries. Nevertheless, initiation of migration is largely driven by difficulties, discomfort, disagreements, tensions, and conflicts at the origin, while migration decision and destination choices are moderated by individual characteristics, cultural and social capital as well as by the local, national, and international context. In other words, people do not move when they are satisfied and comfortable with what they have and where they are. The number of movers around the world is relatively very small. The costs of migration and other moderating effects make international population movements an exception even today with an ever increasing mobility across the world.
Purchase paperback ISBN: 978-1-910781-09-8
Purchase hardcover ISBN: 978-1-910781-11-1
France has been an immigrant-receiving country for over a century and is now a multicultural society with an unprecedented level of origin diversity. And while immigrants and their descendants are targets of clichés and stereotyping, little is known of their situation in quantitative terms. Concerned to acquire this missing statistical knowledge, INED and INSEE joined forces for a wide-ranging survey of France’s population in all its diversity, with special emphasis on discrimination. Trajectoires et Origines (TeO), a survey of 22,000 persons, marks a new phase in quantitative research on immigrants and their descendants. Is origin in itself a factor of inequalities or simply of differential access to society’s resources? With its detailed reconstitutions of educational, occupational and conjugal trajectories and its exploration of access to housing and health, TeO provides several approaches to answering this question. One of the work’s major contributions is to have combined objective and subjective perspectives on discrimination: this is the first research study in France to focus on racism as experienced by those subjected to it, while opening up new methodological perspectives on studying experienced prejudice by origin, religion, and skin colour.
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